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|Posté le: Sam 24 Fév - 16:40 (2007) Sujet du message: Abbaye de Kilwining : quelques rares objets du passé
|Quelques rares objets sauvegardés de l'ancienne Abbaye de Kilwinning (avec descriptions)
Source : http://www.futuremuseum.co.uk
Croix de Kilwinning (remontant à la fondation culdéenne, VIe s. peut-être un peu plus tard) :
| Period: Early Medieval |
Description: The Kilwinning cross may have marked the site of an early church dedicated to St Uinniau (Finian). The 6th century missionary saint gave his name to the town of Kilwinning. The cross was destroyed during the Scottish Reformation. It was re-discovered when the gable wall of a house was demolished. On three sides of the cross there is a knotwork design. On the fourth side there is a depiction of the biblical character David. He is shown with a harp and also on horseback carrying a spear and defending a lamb from a lion. David and the lion was a common subject on early stone crosses. It is a story which demonstrates the Christian belief of the strong protecting the weak.
Place of Production: Kilwinning, North Ayrshire
Dimensions: Height 780mm
In the collection of: North Ayrshire Museum
Digital Number: NAST003a
Copyright: North Ayrshire Council
Gargouille, XIIIe s. :
|Kilwinning Abbey Gargoyle |
Date: 13th Century
Description: The gargoyle was carved by sculptors working at the Tironensian Abbey of Kilwinning, constructed during the 12th /13th centuries. These stylised water-spouts projected rainwater from the roofs of stone buildings away from their walls. Originally, the spouts were quite plain but later masons decorated them as humans, animals or fantastic creatures. The stone's upper side has a trough carved in it leading to a hole. On the lower side the stone is carved to represent a sitting lion. It has front and back legs, paws, mane, two eyes and ears and a mouth where the hole is.
Place of Discovery: Kilwinning Abbey
Dimensions: H 467mm
In the collection of: Kilwinning Abbey Tower Heritage Centre
Accession Number: SATAM:2000:0047
Digital Number: NAST002n
Dessin de lAbbaye, ou du moins ce qui en restait en 1915 :
Artist: Robert Bryden
Description: Kilwinning Abbey was founded between 1140 and 1191 by the powerful De Morville family and was home to a community of Tyronensian Benedictines from Kelso.
The abbey was richly endowed by a succession of royal and important benefactors and remained one of the most important Scottish monasteries for 400 years. The last abbot was Gavin Hamilton who, although a staunch supporter of Mary Queen of Scots, was a promoter of the Reformation doctrines. The abbey was destroyed in 1560 as practicing any religion other than the new official Protestant faith was outlawed.
Today , as when Robert Bryden completed his etching, only fragments of the 13th century abbey church and chapter house remain. Robert Bryden included the etching in his book Ayrshire Monuments.
In the collection of: The Dick Institute
Digital Number: EABK028h
(autres à venir...)